ON THE ATTITUDE OF RADICAL ISLAMISM TO GLOBALIZATION: EXPERT OPINION
Center for Asia and the Middle East of the Russian Institute for Strategic Studies
It’s a well-known fact that in the political sense Islamism has become a choice of some Arab people during the “Arab Spring”, for example, in Tunisia, for some time in Egypt. At the same time one can not deny that initially the islamization of Muslim societies is a movement in opposition to the West: peoples of poor Muslim countries realize that they will never join the prosperous states. Islamic radicalization as an extreme form of Islamism is an attack against the “golden billion”, which is the result of globalization. Appeals to religious consciousness, increased religious feelings of Muslims are manifestation of the complex of economic insolvency of the population of poor and underdeveloped Muslim countries.
This is confirmed by the fact that in Muslim countries with low standards of living people are hostile to the United States as to the leader of the “Western world”, even if a State declared policy of partnership with the U.S. (Afghanistan, Yemen, Pakistan).
Thus, radical islamism became a reaction of traditional society in the face of Muslim peoples to the development of globalization processes in the modern world. In this sense, the radical islamism can be considered as globalization antifactor.
At the same time, we see that the globalization of terrorism is happening in the world, which in turn is a tool of radical islamism. The development of terrorist attacks industry became an indicator of terrorism globalization: over time, the technologies of terrorists recruitment and training, including suicide bombers, ways and forms of funding of committed terrorist acts have been developed. In this sense, we can agree that radical islamism is a factor of globalization.